Not the model it’s been applied to for a long time, anyway. And since President Obama held it up again at Notre Dame as the most authentic model of universal rights as taught, he said, by the Catholic Church…..time to clarify what it means.
Cardinal Joseph Bernardin originated the term and the teaching of the consistent ethic of life known as ‘the seamless garment’ while Archbishop of Chicago. Obama encountered Bernardin and that teaching, he said, while on the south side working as a community organizer. And he praised Bernardin in that Notre Dame address for the big-mindedness of an ethic that claims all issues of justice and human rights are equally of a piece.
Not so, said Cardinal BernardinÂ in his later tenure. The fact thatÂ he lamented the mis-application of his teaching and publicly said so is far less known. In many of my talks during the 2008 election year, I raised this point and quoted Bernardin’s October 1989 statement for Respect Life Sunday, called ‘Deciding for Life’. And almost without exceptionÂ the crowds were surprised to hear it. Liberal supporters of ‘abortion rights’ have successfullyÂ commandeered theÂ ‘seamless garment’ message and drivenÂ it to what they thought was the high ground. Obama did it again at Notre Dame.Â
Let’s correct the record…
The Register was one among others to take this opportunity.
Said Obama of Bernardin:
â€œHe stood as both a lighthouse and a crossroads â€” unafraid to speak his mind on moral issues ranging from poverty, AIDS and abortion to the death penalty and nuclear war. And yet, he was congenial and gentle in his persuasion, always trying to bring people together; always trying to find common ground.â€
But Cardinal Joseph Bernardin in a front-page interview in the June 12, 1988, National Catholic Register, said:
â€œI donâ€™t see how you can subscribe to the consistent ethic and then vote for someone who feels that abortion is a â€˜basic rightâ€™ of the individual.â€ He went on to say, â€œI know that some people on the left, if I may use that label, have used the consistent ethic to give the impression that the abortion issue is not all that important anymore, that you should be against abortion in a general way but that there are more important issues, so donâ€™t hold anybodyâ€™s feet to the fire just on abortion. Thatâ€™s a misuse of the consistent ethic, and I deplore it.â€
We Americans cherish freedom. To act on our own judgements and enjoy the responsible use of freedom accords more with human dignity than does being pressured or coerced into action by outside forces. Personal freedom enables us, in harmony with others, to pursue those goods and values which enhance and enable human lives.
It is good to keep in mind, though, that freedom is not an absolute value. At times some, in their exercise of personal freedom diminish the freedom and dignity of others. At other times, vulnerable groups in society need their personal freedoms protected. In both in government has an obligation to limit one group’s use of its freedom so another group may legitimately exercise its freedom.
The pursuit of the values of the human spirit, he said, is the purpose of freedom.
Not all values, however, are of equal weight. Some are more fundamental than others. On this Respect Life Sunday, I wish to emphasize that no earthly value is more fundamental than human life itself. Human life is the condition for enjoying freedom and all other values. Consequently, if one must choose between protecting or serving lesser human values that depend upon life for their existence and life itself, human life must take precedence.
Today the recognition of human life as a fundamental value is threatened. Nowhere is this clearer than in the case of elective abortion.
It’s justified, he said, in the name of freedom. And giving precedence to that ‘value’ to justify abortion “ignores the priority of the more fundamental value, namely life itself.”
Then BernardinÂ turned toÂ the clarification of his own teaching.
The primary intention of the consistent ethic of life, as I have articulated it over the past six years, is to raise consciousness about the sanctity and reverence of all human life from conception to natural death. The more one embraces this concept, the more sensitive one becomes to the value of human life itself at all stages…
This consistent ethic points out the inconsistency of defending life in one area while dismissing it in another.
Exactly the point that must be raised again now, and discussed by those who claim they’re looking for ‘common ground’ when they’re really looking for those who disagree to come over to their ground. If Obama and all others want to cite Cardinal Bernardin and his teaching on a consistent ethic, they must understand it as he taught it. He was addressing them as much as anyone.
There are those who support abortion on demand who do not grasp or will not discuss the intrinsic value of human life and the precedence it should take in decision making. The issue – the only issue – they insist, is the question of who decides — the individual or the government.
Who decides is not the issue. We all decide, but we make our free decisions within limits. In exercising our freedom, we must not make ourselves the center of the world. Other individuals born and unborn are as much a part of the human family as we are…
I encourage a deeper appreciation for the freedom we have and how it enables us to achieve selfhood in harmony with others, particularly the weak and vulnerable whose dignity as persons may not be as clearly in evidence. In short, I exhort you to decide for life.